How Tall was Goliath?

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We’ve seen the fight between David and Goliath depicted many times by Hollywood, but what do the bible and other sources say about Goliath’s real height?

According to Jewish scripture, Goliath was about twelve feet tall.  The Jewish organization Chabad interprets the Hebrew scriptures this way:

The sight of the fierce giant, six cubits and a span tall (about twelve feet), towering over the hill, clad in armor and iron and brass from head to foot, filled the Jews with great terror. There was not a single man in the Jewish camp who dared accept the challenge.

shaquille-onealIn Reconsidering the Height of Goliath, author J. Daniel Hays posits that Goliath was instead about “4 cubits” tall, or just under 6′.

Hays’ conclusion seems to be supported by the Dead Sea Scrolls, which in the Book of Samuel puts Goliath’s height at 6’9″, making the giant three inches taller than Michael Jordan, but four inches shorter than Shaq.

Goliath must have been an intimidating man for the Jews who faced him in biblical battle, especially since the average height of a man at the time was about 5’3″.  But whatever Goliath’s height, he was of course defeated by David, who supposedly went on to be one of the most famous monarchs in human history.

 

 

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The Titanic Today

The RMS Titanic was built by the White Star Lines and was billed as the “unsinkable” passenger ship.  The Titanic, however, met its fate on April 15, 1915 when it sank to the bottom of the sea.

01 - We all know the infamous tale of the White Star Line vessel

The crew was headed by Captain Edward Smith.  At the time Smith’s monthly salary was today’s equivalent of about $15,00 a month.

02 - Titanic was commanded by these men

The Titanic struck an Iceburg at about 11:40 p.m. on April 14, 1915.  The crew estimated she would sink in an hour.

03 - On April 14th at 1140 PM Titanic struck an iceberg

The Titanic instead stayed afloat for almost three hours before she finally broke up and sank to the bottom of the ocean.

04 - Around 220 AM Titanic lost her fight against the North Atlantic and broke up and sank with over 1500 people aboard her

About 1,500 people died, going down with the ship to the bottom of the ocean or drowning.  About 700 managed to make it to lifeboats to survive the ordeal.

Before the ship was discovered in 1985, many believed that the ship did not break up.  In fact, the official investigation into the sinking “disbelieved” the eye witness accounts of survivors who claimed the ship broke up before it sank.  Here is what we thought the ship looked like before it was located in 1985:

05 - Today she rests two and a half miles below the surface of the North Atlantic 06 - This is what we thought she039d look like before she was discovered in 1985 by Robert Ballard

After the Titanic was discovered in 1985 on the ocean floor, researchers learned that she was being eaten alive by microbes hungry for the iron in her hull.  Here is her hull today:

07 - Today she sadly rusts away due to microbes eating the iron in her hull These things cover the ship and are known as 039rusticles039

The Titanic’s stern today:08 - Titanic039s stern today

09 - 925aScE

Here is a picture of one of the Titanic’s lifeboat davits (where the lifeboats hung):

10 - A lifeboat davit beginning to fall off the ship

One of her large anchors:

11 - One of Titanic039s large anchors on her side

Her propeller jammed into the mud upon impact with the ocean floor.

12 - One of Titanic039s propellers forced up out of the mud on impact with the bottom

A boiler that fell out of the ship when it broke up:

13 - One of Titanic039s boilers that fell out when the ship broke up

The head of a porcelain doll:

14 - The head of a porcelain doll

The Captain’s bathtub:

15 - Captain039s Smith039s bathtub seen through a collapsing wall in his cabin

Shoes are strewn about all over the wreck site.  These are unofficial tombstones.  When the bodies of victims sank to the bottom of the sea, they were eventually eaten up by sea life.  But nothing would eat their leather shoes, so the shoes stay in the same position where the bodies fell marking the site where hundreds met their fate.

16 - A pair of shoes

Tianjin Explosion a Day of Infamy for Firefighters Everywhere

New video of the MASSIVE explosion is emerging today.  It is reported that the original fire concerned a container of calcium carbide.  In what can only be a grave misunderstanding by firefighters, they began to douse the calcium carbide with water triggering the massive explosion that likely incinerated dozens of firefighters at the scene.

When calcium carbide is mixed with water it creates acetylene gas.  When that is mixed with air and ignited, a massive explosion will ensue.  For some reason nobody communicated what the chemicals were with the fire crews both ahead of time and during the accident, leading to the devastating catastrophe.  In other words, the firefighters sealed their own fate.

A text exchange between firefighters captures the heartbreaking moments after the explosions (translated):

Fireman: Are you there, bro?

Friend: I’m here. What’s wrong?

Fireman: I can’t get any calls out.

… Gang Zhi… he’s gone. He sacrificed himself. He’s dead.

Friend: What the cow are you talking about.

Where are you.

Fireman: I’m in the truck, on my way to soup cry (autocorrect). Tanggu District.

Friend: You call me right now. You hear me.

Fireman: I’m already in my suit, no one else has a phone.

Friend: Then you’ll call me first thing in the morning. Got it?

Fireman: … if I don’t come back, you’ll take care of my dad, won’t you?

… and tell my mom deceased I loved her.

Friend: … I got your dad, bro. Don’t worry about him.

You worry about yourself.

A text exchange between

Helga Estby walked across America to win a $10,000 prize to save her home. When she finished, the sponsor refused to pay out.

Helga_and_Clara_EstbyMs. Estby might go down as one of history’s most unlucky women.  When Ms. Estby returned home she learned that two of her children had died.

Ms. Estby got pregnant at 15 out of wedlock and was married off to a 28-year-old (not the father) to avoid being ostracized. A decade later she worked incredibly hard to raise her kids in a one-room sod house before moving to Spokane, Washington.

When the Panic of 1893 hit, she had eight (surviving) children and she had recently recovered from a broken pelvis.

Her trip took seven months and she went with her oldest daughter.  Ms. Estby and her oldest daughter saw much of the U.S. on their trip. They were met with much kindness, and kept a wary eye out for rattlesnakes and bears. They had to shoot one would-be rapist in the leg. They finally ended up in New York and the sponsor failed to pay up and so she and her daughter were stranded in Brooklyn for another year before a wealthy man took pity on them.

Sadly, this tragedy shattered the family and Helga was alienated from several of her children. After she died, two of her daughters burned her papers: we only have the info we have now because a daughter-in-law saved a scrapbook with information about her trip in it (hiding it even from her husband, who also hated his mother).

Unfortunately for us, the identity of the sponsor remains unknown, as does the reason he failed even to pay for a return ticket. Helga’s journal disappeared in New York, before she’d returned, and one wonders what clues were in there – or in the papers her daughters burned.

More about her here.

More info here too.

Judge makes 19 y/o Man a Sex Offender After Girl Lies About Age, Bans Man from Internet

A 19 year old “man” was given a hefty sentence after he slept with an underaged girl who lied about her age.  Although the girl and her mother showed up at court and took responsibility for the incident, the judge handed out a hefty sentence.  The judge was upset by the “hookup culture,” and apparently this played a role in the sentence:

Zach Anderson is 19 and a typical teenager. He’s into computers and wants to build a career around his love for electronics.

But those plans and any semblance of a normal life are for now out the window. Under court order, he can’t access the Internet, go to a mall or linger near a school or playground. His parents say because he has a 15-year-old brother, he can’t even live at home any longer.

Judge Wiley has been noted in multiple news stories to hand out nonsensical and over-the-top sentences.

For example:

Dennis Wiley, a district court judge in Berrien County in southwest Michigan, was publicly censured in 2012 after he found a woman in contempt and threw her in jail for 10 days because she muttered a profanity in the clerk’s office while trying to take care of traffic tickets.

That ten days included Christmas.

Another example:

Curtis Pedzinski, a 21-year-old native of St. Joseph, Michiga, was sentenced by Wiley to between 14 months and 2 years in prison for “unlawful use of a motor vehicle,” or joyriding. Years earlier, Pedzinski had been convicted of breaking and entering. Wiley’s sentence was significantly more severe than what state guidelines called; Wiley justified it by claiming that proper weight had not been given to Pedzinski’s past.

And there was also the reverend that Judge Wiley thought had to be punished severely because of his “direct line” with God:

Reverend gave him a “direct line to the Lord” and that a reasonable person would find this to be a serious threat.

Judge Wiley seems to be more interested in getting off on harsh sentences than justice.

A 401(k) Is Actually a Tax Loophole

The U.S. is one of the only first world countries that essentially ended pension programs–retirement programs funded by employers.  Pensions used to be a popular benefit in the U.S. to keep workers loyal to a company while at the same time making retirement decent and reasonable.  pensions were eventually replaced with 401(k)s.

What you may not know is that 401(k)s are not retirement plans designed by law.  They are actually derive from a loophole in the 1978 tax code which was never meant to be used as a retirement system for essentially the whole country.  As a result, must Americans have to save until the age of 70 and hope against a market crash in order to have a retirement.

Few people realize that what is now the most popular retirement savings vehicle in the U.S. was not seriously debated or discussed by the U.S. Congress.  Rather, it was created by a loophole of the law which a smart benefits consultant figured how to exploit in the 1980s.

Nobody has done anything to fix it since.  Meanwhile, pensions continue to decline and Social Security funding continues to dwindle.

University of Cincinnati Police Officer Charged With Murder

Officer Ray Tensing was charged with murder of Samuel Dubose.

The body cam footage shows that after stopping the victim for not having a front license plate, Officer Tensing shot Dubose in the face as Dubose turned on his car.  The officer fired the shot almost immediately after the traffic stop began and before Dubose took any substantive act which could be perceived as a “threat” to the officer.  The body cam footage released after the incident shows that Dubose had his right arm on the steering wheel and his left arm up in the air as Officer Tensing shot him in the head.

Just remember that without a body cam this indictment would have never happened.

Samuel Dubose

Samuel Dubose

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